It is an important thing to make a disaster risk assessment, especially for the country that commonly hit by a disaster like Indonesia. Strengthening capacity of local government and local communities in disaster-prone areas had to be done in order to reduce the impact that caused by the disaster. Disaster risk assessment is very useful to determine the impact and the potential damage that can be caused by a disaster.
In order to increase the capacity of local governments and local communities for facing the disaster, Lembaga Penanggulangan Bencana dan Perubahan Iklim Nahdlatul Ulama (LPBI NU) in collaboration with Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team (HOT) Indonesia organizes a serial training called “Making Disaster Risk Assessment” in two different location, Pare-pare, South Sulawesi and Jepara, Central Java.
This is the first stage of a serial training about Making Disaster Risk Assessment that will be held later. The purpose of this first training is to introduce the OpenStreetMap (OSM) as a way of mapping in the area affected by the disaster and teach participants how to use OSM for mapping. At the end of the training, participants are expected to be able to know how to map using OpenStreetMap. The output of this training is the establishment of a risk assessment document that can be used for decision-making of local government when a disaster happens.
The training in Pare – Pare was held from February 14 to 17, 2017 at Hotel Parewisata, Pare – Pare, South Sulawesi. After that, the training in Jepara was held from February 21 to 24, 2017 at Lecture Hall Great Hall of Brackish Water Aquaculture (BBPBAP) Jepara. Participants are 25 people who came from various institutions, such as BPBD, Red Cross, Boy Scouts, LPBI NU, and university representatives.
The participants were given a short introduction about OSM and how to map using Java OpenStreetMap (JOSM). Participants also learn how to collect the field data using GPS, OSM Tracker and Field Papers. Not only do the mapping in the room, the participants also conducted a field survey on the second day. The purpose of this survey is to map some of the public facilities around the training location.
Besides the training itself, there is a small competition called Mini Mapathon. Mini Mapathon is a mapping competition to attract new user of OSM to start to contribute in mapping. Mini Mapathon will be held for 2 weeks, starts from the end of this training.
At the end of training, participants were given a short demonstration about QGIS and InaSAFE to calculate the impact of a disaster. Hopefully after seen the demonstration about InaSAFE, the participants will be more interested in joining the next training.