“The Establishment of Community-based Point of Interest in Flood Prone Areas in Jakarta” is part of the “UNESCO’ World POI” Map Project which is implemented through UNESCO Office in Nairobi, Windhoek, New Delhi and Jakarta. In order to implement this project, UNESCO in collaboration with Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team conducts a series of trainings to support the development of ‘community-owned-knowledge’ by building community capacity on Basic GIS Technologies.
Indonesia, one of the most disaster prone countries in the world, carrying out PoI project dealing with Flood management with the PoI project’s title is Establishing a Community Based POIs in the High-Risk Communities to Flooding in Jakarta– Indonesia. This pilot project has been undertaken in Pluit, North Jakarta which has main goals to increase the preparedness and rapid response at the community level related flooding attack. The methodology that has been implemented in this project is participatory mapping exercise using the OpenStreetMap tool in SMKN 56 Pluit, North Jakarta. The participants are 31 students of class X Multimedia from the school. This training had been conducted for 3 days which consist of 2 indoors training sessions and 1 outdoor training session and facilitated by Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team (HOT). The kind of points of interest that had been collected in this training is 81 points such as Water Pump Houses, Electrical Subhouses, Schools, Hospitals/Clinics, Common Kitchen, Evacuation Sites, Place of Worship, Sports Center, Government Offices, Disposal, Market Place, Floodgate, Torrent, innudation Area/Point, Police Station, and Flat.
One of the flood prone areas in Jakarta is Pluit, North Jakarta. This region was the location of the POI training, especially around Pluit Reservoir with participants from the students of SMKN 56 Pluit. This training aims to introduce to students and apply participatory mapping using OpenStreetMap and Photovoice, increase student preparedness for flood events that often occurs in Pluit area, increase student interaction with the community to work together to reduce the risk of flooding, and to map the flood prone points (POI) in Pluit areas.
The series of activity in this training consists of the delivery of training in presentation and practice materials to the participants, field surveys to implement the materials that have been delivered previously in the room, discussion of training materials, a test before and after training to measure the ability of the participants, as well as competition between groups. Training materials delivered by the trainers are flood-related materials, especially floods in Pluit, one of the most flood prone area in Jakarta, and then explain what POI is, introduction to OpenStreetMap and installation of JOSM, Photovoice method, the use of GPS and Field papers for POI data collection.
The Pluit flood POI training in SMKN 56 was held for 3 days, where 2 days indoor contains material material about flood, OSM, Photovoice, and Crowdmap; and 1 day outdoor survey to collect the POIs and photos. This training is guided by trainers form HOT and also an environmental journalist from Equatorial.
On the first day, the activity started at 6:30 am, UNESCO introduced the background about this project. And also described what POI project is and what to do with this time. During the Paper Maps session, HOT trainers teach the participants how to make a simple map-a-like-sketch about their neighborhood or school on a piece of paper to find out their ability to draw maps and give a concept about maps digitalisation, from paper maps into digital map.
Photovoice session, the students are taught about the concept of photovoice and the things that need to be considered when doing photovoicing methods so that students can understand what photovoice is and when the are on the field they would be able to determine good photographs to be taken so that the image can ‘speak out ‘.
After Photovoice session, the students were introduced to GPS and Field Paper and how to use them. In addition, the students also practice how to use the GPS with splitting them into 4 groups guided by a trainer for each group, they mark the objects in the form of waypoints and tracks they can found inside the school environment.
The second day is a one day outdoor activities for the participants. Participants are required to conduct a field survey to collect the flood POIs as well as photos to be uploaded to the Ushahidi platform and there were also a competition about the photovoice and POI. But before the students went outdoor to do field survey, there were a sharing session about previous Pluit flood from the vice head of Pluit sub district.
On the third day, in the morning the students are required to input the images and and POIs they’ve collected during field survey into the Ushahidi platform. From this activity, a flood POI and photovoice crowdmap website were formed: openstreetmap.id/smk56 . After inputing the photos into the Ushahidi platform, students are taught to use JOSM software to digitize and upload POIs they’ve collected using the GPS. The results of POIs collected can then be viewed in openstreetmap.org. Then for the closing, there was a delivery of messages and impressions about this training by the Principal SMK 56 Pluit and also the announcement of group winner and the best students competitions delivered by Vice Principal SMK 56 Pluit.
At the end of the training, participants were able to create and update OpenSteetMap, using GPS and fieldpapers, using Java OpenStreetMap (JOSM) as data editor, and learn about photovoicing method which facilitating the marginalised community to express their points of interest in their neighborhood to be announced to the world. Through photovoice, community has been given an unique way to chronicle their surrounding and their experiences as a part of flood disaster management. The crowdmap website that is filled with student’ photovoice can be accessed here: http://openstreetmap.id/smk56/
As seen above is the view of crowdmap website resulting from this training. The red dots are showing the POIs collected by the students. If we click on one of the red dots, a photo and its title will show up. And if we click on the title, a complete information about the POI will show up, as seen below: