After almost 1 year not involved in any activities in East Indonesia, Humanitarian OpenStreetMap (HOT) Team finally had a chance to participate in February 3rd – 6th 2014. In this event HOT with Australia Indonesia for Disaster Reduction (AIFDR) and BPBD of East Nusa Tenggara Province initiated Disaster Risk Analysis Training for all BPBD in regency level in East Nusa Tenggara Province. The main goal of this training is to give participants information and understanding what the disaster risk analysis is and what the steps that they have to do to make it.
This training held at Waingapu City, East Sumba specifically in BPBD of East Sumba Office and held for 4 days. This training opened by Ms. Martina. D. Jera as Head of Operation for BPDB of East Sumba. She accompanied by Mr. Josua Simanulang as representative of AIFDR and Mr. Sintos Carolus as Head for BPBD of East Sumba.
The training continued with introduction of disaster risk analysis by Mr. Julius Nakmofa. He is director of Perkumpulan Masyarakat Penanggulangan Bencana (PMPB) in East Nusa Tenggara. He taught the participants the understanding of disasters and risk. He also give some assignment to each regency to analyze what type of disasters that often occurred in their area and what the causes. The purpose are to make participants know and understand more deep about their working area and know what type of disaster that very potentially occur and the causes so in the future they can easier to make plan and analysis about disaster risk for their area.
After participants know about what type of disaster that potentially occur in their area, next material delivered by Mr. Fredy Chandra about methodologi and technical aspect to make disaster risk analysis. In his session, Mr. Fredy taught every component that we must add in risk analysis such as capacity, vulneralbility and exposure data. After that participant also taughted about scoring techniques to determine level of vulneralbility, capacity and risk in region and he also taught about Geography Information System (GIS) and what it roles in disaster risk analysis.
After getting introduction and knowledge about disaster risk analysis in day 2 until day 4 the participants would tried to make maps that needed for disaster risk analysis such as exposure map and administration map, also they would make simple hazard map based on their field survey data.
First material is introduction about OpenStreetMap and Quantum GIS (QGIS) and explanation about what can we do using OpenStreetMap dan QGIS to make disaster risk analysis. As a Data Collection tools OpenStreetMap can be used to collect Exposure data such as important buildings, land use and other important infrastructure whereas QGIS is a data processing tools to process data that we have to become maps which we used to analyze disaster risk.
Next material is GPS introduction and decide area for field survey. Most of participants can not use GPS therefore they taughted by faciitator how to use GPS when doing field survey. The participants divided into 3 groups that each group would doing fields survey in different area. Things that must be collected by participants are :
1. Important Buildings
2. Land Use (Rice field, Field,etc)
3. Danger/Hazard points (in this field survey hazard that we used was flood)
After doing field survey the participants input their exposure data ( buildings and land user) into JOSM then they saved it in .osm file and add them into QGIS to processed further. For danger/hazard points we would add it later in QGIS to complement our exposure data.
Participant also learned about basic concept using QGIS such as input vector data (.shp) then manage attribute table (select, remove, add, edit) and learn about symbologi and labelling and map composer (layout).
In the middle of session, Mr. Fredy also taughted participants how to make administration map for their area based on social and administration village data of East Nusa Tenggara Province.
After all the material has been delivered and the participants finished their hazard and exposure map, last session for this training was the closing ceremony by Ms. Martina. D. Jera as Head of Operation for BPBD of East Sumba. She hope that there will be further training in the future especially more in technical support of making maps using OpenStreetMap and QGIS to all BPBD regency in East Nusa Tenggara Province.