Spatial data that is free, open and constantly updated is a critical resource in the various phases of disaster management, which map becomes an important method to visualize the basic information as well as to monitor changes after the disaster. Although our government can obtain spatial data, but sometimes the data is not available in rural areas typically prone to disaster. Therefore, Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team Indonesia together with UN OCHA (United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs) held a discussion on the theme “Map Acquisition in Disaster Management“.
The event was held at the Hong Kong Cafe, Jakarta by inviting several participants from government agencies that specifically deal with the disaster, NGOs, and universities. Discussion opened by Faizal Thamrin of UN OCHA. The event was followed by three speakers, namely Tyler Radford, Yantisa Akhadi, and Adityo Dwijananto. There are three topics of discussion, which are; roles of Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team in disaster management consisting of Missing Maps activities and HOT Activation maps, OpenStreetMap in Indonesia, and demo to contribute in OpenStreetMap. The session began with a discussion about HOT’s roles in disaster management in the world which include Missing Maps activities and HOT Activation. Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team assists international organizations and governments for the first emergency response to the need of mapping when a disaster happens.
Missing Maps is an activity where mapper map a region in developing countries deemed to be most vulnerable to disasters, which expected for non-governmental organizations both locally and internationally to use the existing data and maps for better disaster response. Missing Maps activities can be done by the volunteers around the world and local communities that map a location that is far from they are. Missing Maps is held to make mapping/mapping party/Mapathon by inviting some volunteers.
Meanwhile, HOT Activation is a concept that was formed by Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team for disaster mapping, also known as an activation associated with the coordination of the OpenStreetMap community to map the areas affected by disaster in response to disaster that happened in the area. In one HOT Activation activity, there are several stages required. These stages determine how successful and efficient responses are made by HOT.
In addition to those three phases, one of the aspects that make activation effective is HOT preparedness activity (HOT Readiness/Phase 0). At this stage, the volunteers assist in disaster response. This preparation is done through a free training and can be accessed by anyone which is called HOT Activation Training Center.
The second session in this Morning Coffee Discussion is HOT role in Indonesia for emergency response and OSM data in Indonesia from 2011 – 2014. In emergency response, HOT ID makes tasking manager for disaster-prone areas or ongoing disaster to be mapped together. The last session discussed topics regarding practices that includes on how to use and operate OSM, making fieldpapers, HOT Export and introducing android applications for mapping made by HOT ID that is called Geo Data Collect.
Participants from this event come from MSF/Doctor Without Border, World Food Programme, Disaster Management Innovation, University of Indonesia, Bina Swadaya Konsultan, Jakarta Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation Forum (Forum PRB-API Jakarta) and Jakarta Disaster Management Agency (BPBD DKI Jakarta).